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New dangerous coronavirus "MERS-CoV": Questions and Answers

The new coronavirus (nCoV), officially dubbed the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV), has recently made itself talk more and more often. A new coronavirus infection was first reported in Saudi Arabia. in 2012. To date, MERS-CoV has been laboratory-confirmed in 64 cases, 38 of which have been fatal. The spread of the virus has already affected 8 countries: Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, France, Germany, Great Britain, the United Arab Emirates, Tunisia and Italy.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), we are talking about a special strain of the virus that has not previously been detected in humans or animals.

Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General, expressed serious concern that there is very little information about the new coronavirus, and it is spreading faster than our understanding of its nature and treatment methods. WHO experts hope to fill in the gaps as soon as possible by providing the world community with more information on this subject. Today it is impossible to reliably say exactly how a person is infected, whether animals are carriers of the virus, whether contaminated surfaces are associated with infection, how widespread the virus is.

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MERS coronavirus symptoms and treatment

All cases had standard symptoms of acute respiratory viral infections, occurring both in mild form and in the form of severe pneumonia. Atypical symptoms sometimes appeared. When it enters the body, MERS CoV develops rapidly and can lead to death in a few days.

To date, a vaccine has not yet been developed that guarantees a 100% recovery of the patient. WHO explains who is most susceptible to infection and points to the distinctive features of the virus. The organization notes a high level of virus viability during penetration and transmission from person to person. The virus causes significant harm to health and often threatens the life of the victim.

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WHO has detected the almost simultaneous appearance of two non-standard MERS viruses

1) Avian influenza virus (H7N9);
2) Middle East Respiratory Coronavirus Syndrome (MERS CoV).
Recently, we have recorded the appearance of two completely different viruses with a high pathogenic effect and a rapid rate of exposure of the infected person. Both viruses have super-persistent potential regarding the process of their evolution and spread. The first outbreaks of the disease were noted in 2012, in the spring. Of the 44 laboratory-recorded cases, 22 were fatal. About 80% of the total number of cases are men aged 24 to 94 years.

Read more: WHO has detected the almost simultaneous appearance of two non-standard MERS viruses

Coronavirus MERS what is it?

This is a detachment of viruses that have pointed corollas in the form of a crown on the surface. These viruses are often found in the world, so many people are carriers and victims of coronaviruses. Typically, these viruses cause moderate to severe upper respiratory tract infections. There are cases when the coronavirus infects animals.

Many coronaviruses infect a particular animal species or group of related species. SARS coronavirus infects both humans and animals, especially raccoon and ordinary dogs, palm cimetins, monkeys, cats, and rodents. World organizations and medical laboratories such as the World Health Organization, as well as the Center for Disease Control and other government organizations, are working hard to study the MERS syndrome. There are private structures that study the behavior of the virus and its effect on various organisms.

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MERS Virus (MERS) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus

Scientists have discovered a new dangerous virus, a strain of which resembles the SARS virus. Coronavirus was first discovered in 2013, in the spring, on the Arabian Peninsula. It was at this time that he provoked an outbreak of the disease, which led to a large number of deaths. The strain was called MERS - coronavirus of the Middle East respiratory syndrome, cases of which, to date, are recorded in European and Eastern countries.

MERS is provoked by the appearance of coronaviruses, which are widespread throughout the world and cause common SARS. A new type of coronavirus is called MERS-CoV “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus”. The name of the virus is translated into Russian as “SVRS-CoV”. In the Arab countries, MERS-CoV provoked severe forms of the disease in adults, many of which were fatal. At the moment, the virus is poorly studied, because the strain has recently been discovered.

Read more: MERS Virus (MERS) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus

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